Anemia during pregnancy and its effect on the fetus

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 Anemia during pregnancy and its effect on the fetus


Anemia during pregnancy and its effect on the fetus



Anemia during pregnancy


Anemia is one of the most common and serious health problems in the world and is known to be below normal hemoglobin levels of 11 grams per 100 milliliters. Due to various health factors and nutritional habits, 

women and children need more blood to feed their fetuses and develop anemia, especially in pregnant women, as a result of their inability to compensate for what they lost. The percentage of it is considered the most susceptible.


Symptoms of anemia during pregnancy

Anemia during pregnancy and its effect on the fetus


Symptoms of anemia may not be evident in its early stages, and many of these symptoms are similar to pregnancy symptoms

so care should be taken when you have regular blood tests. To prove its strength, the most common symptoms of anemia during pregnancy are:


  • loss of focus
  • I have shortness of breath.
  • Feel tired or weak
  • flickering;
  • giddy;
  • Pale skin, lips, and nails.
  • Causes of anemia during pregnancy

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Several factors increase the risk of anemia during pregnancy, the most important of which are: 



  • Heavy menstruation before pregnancy.
  • Twin pregnancy.
  • Low iron intake.
  • persistent vomiting
  • Anemia before pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy was interrupted twice repeatedly.
  • The harm of anemia in pregnant women
  • Lack of activity of pregnant women and their inability to carry out their daily activities.


  • The inability to fight the weakness and disease of the whole body.
  • Increased risk of exposure to the pregnant mother and fetus.
  • The mother is exposed to muscle and nerve damage.
  • Severe anemia that leads to severe bleeding after childbirth requires a blood transfusion for the patient and thus requires some complications.
  • Effects of anemia during pregnancy on the fetus


Several studies have shown that severe and severe anemia during pregnancy may increase the risk of the following problems in the fetus:

Anemia during pregnancy and its effect on the fetus


  • The death of the infant before or shortly after birth.
  • Early-onset of labor.
  • The birth of a low birth weight baby.
  • Prevention of anemia during pregnancy


There are several ways to avoid anemia during pregnancy: 


  • Eat a diet rich in iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12.
  • Eat more citrus fruits.
  • Talk to your doctor for a medical exam when planning pregnancy.
  • Do not drink tea or coffee during or immediately after a meal.
  • Take a folic acid supplement a month before conception and continue taking it for at least 3 months.
  • Take iron supplements if you are pregnant or have an iron deficiency, or if you are at risk of developing an iron deficiency.


  • Take a vitamin B12 supplement, especially for vegetarians.