What are the reasons for the small size of the fetus in the second month and the method of treatment?

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 The small size of the fetus in the second month

What are the reasons for the small size of the fetus in the second month and the method of treatment



The second month of pregnancy


At the end of the second month, the fetus is expected to reach about two and a half centimeters in length, and weigh about 30 grams. 

I explained that the most important things that the fetus will face are: its small size, the reasons for its decline in growth, the most important symptoms of its small size, and how to diagnose the problem.

Small fetus problems


  • Low birth weight.
  • Difficulty dealing with the stress of vaginal delivery.
  • Low oxygen level.
  • Low blood sugar.
  • deficiency of his immunity.
  • The fetus inhales stool while in the womb, which can cause breathing problems.
  • Difficulty maintaining body temperature.
  • Stillbirth or long-term growth problems.

Reasons for the small size of the fetus


The reason for the small size of the fetus in the womb is due to the placenta connecting the mother to the fetus, delivering oxygen and nutrients to the fetus from the mother and fetus, 

while also allowing the excretion of fetal waste. gets rid of. Wastes, the mother may develop some health problems, which in turn affect the normal development of the fetus, including:

What are the reasons for the small size of the fetus in the second month and the method of treatment


  • Diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, and lung disease.
  • Infections such as toxoplasmosis, syphilis, and rubella.
  • Anemia, or malnutrition.
  • Sickle cell anemia.
  • The mother was between seventeen and thirty-five years old and weighed between fifty and seventy-five kilograms.
  • Smoking, and knowing to quit before 15 weeks of pregnancy is enough to avoid this problem.
  • Excessive drinking and drug use.
  • Chronic high blood pressure.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Bleeding.
  • Fetal birth defects.
  • Intrauterine infection.
  • Fetal chromosomal defects or multiple pregnancies.

Symptoms of a small fetus


Significant weight loss in the fetus is one of the most important symptoms of its small size, mainly due to malnutrition, which affects the skin, paleness, or dryness, and the umbilical cord is often very thin.


Note: It should be noted that the birth of a small child does not mean that there is a problem with the development of the child in the womb.

Diagnosis of small size fetus


Specialists diagnose microcephaly by estimating the size of the fetus during pregnancy. 

One of the most common ways to measure fetal size is to measure the distance from the mother's bottom to the pubic bone. There are other programs which are:

  • Ultrasound: Using ultrasound to create an image of the fetus, the doctor sees the fetus in the womb, takes some measurements, and then determines if there is a problem.
  • Doppler: A method in which doctors use sound waves to measure the flow and speed of blood through the blood vessels so that doctors can see the blood flow in the fetus's umbilical cord and how it affects the brain.
  • Fetal monitoring: called a fetal electrocardiogram, the device senses the fetus's heart rate and growth pattern by placing sensitive electrodes on the pregnant mother's abdomen.