Pregnancy - What are the different types of oral contraceptives and what is the best one?
Types of oral contraceptives
Oral contraceptives are defined as hormones that contain only estrogen and progestin or progestin, but when you hear the term "oral contraceptives", they usually contain both hormones. pregnancy symptoms
These drugs are among many. To prevent pregnancy. Progestin makes the mucous membranes surrounding the egg more resistant to sperm penetration, interfering with the fertilization process, and in some women suppressing ovulation.
Oral contraceptives containing these two hormones prevent the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland, which plays an important role in preparing the lining of the egg. for implantation of the embryo. positive pregnancy test
Contraceptives are used for other purposes, including treating ovulatory pain during the menstrual cycle, reducing and controlling menstrual bleeding and colitis, postpartum depression
and reducing bleeding to prevent the development of anemia in some women. Therefore, it is also used in other conditions to cause heavy bleeding and reduce menstrual cramps.
Types of oral contraceptives
There are many types of oral contraceptives, some of which are progestin-only, and estrogen reduces milk production, and early pregnancy symptoms
making them suitable for breastfeeding mothers. These tablets are also ideal for women who have certain conditions that interfere with the use of oral contraceptives. It contains two types of hormones, one for cardiovascular disease and migraine.
There are different types of oral contraceptives that contain both estrogen and progestin, called monophasic, biphasic, and triphasic, depending on whether hormone levels are stable or fluctuating during the first three weeks of your period.
Monophasic Oral Contraceptives
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Monophasic oral contraceptives differ in that each active pill included in the pack contains the same amount of estrogen and progestin.
The hormone levels in each tablet remain constant and there are no side effects caused by fluctuations in hormone levels. early pregnancy symptoms
Classes of monophasic oral contraceptives are classified as follows according to the amount of estrogen present.
- Tablets contain low doses of estrogen, usually 20 mcg.
- Tablets containing the usual dose of estrogen are 30-35 mcg.
- Tablets contain high doses of 50 mcg of estrogen.
- Biphasic contraceptives
- The advantage of biphasic oral contraceptives is that hormone levels change only in one package. All of these tablets contain a fixed amount of estrogen, but the levels of progestin increase throughout the cycle.
Triphasic contraceptives contain two different levels of hormones. Different brands may contain different levels of estrogen and progestin. early signs of pregnancy
Hormone levels change every 7 days with one packet. In one packet, the first few pills contain the same concentration of the hormone, ovulation
which is the first stage. On the other hand, the second stage contains different hormonal levels, and the third and final stage contains seven pills that are not included. hormone.
Oral contraceptive side effects
Common side effects of oral contraceptives are:
- Pain and swelling in the chest.
- Between menstruation, a few drops of blood come out of the vagina.
- different mood. pregnancy calculator
- Contraindications to the use of oral contraceptives
- Women with the following symptoms should not use oral contraceptives.
- blood clot. pregnancy symptoms
- Heart attack.
- heart disease;
- high blood pressure.
- Sickle cell anemia.
- puffed up.
- Undiagnosed uterine bleeding.
- Uncontrolled diabetes.
- Some types of migraine headaches.
- type of cancer.
- Chronic kidney failure. pregnancy
- Liver disease.
- Gallbladder diseases. pregnancy symptoms
Smokers, obese women, suspected pregnant women, and, those seeking elective surgery should not use these pills. Women who are taking oral contraceptives are advised to contact their doctor immediately. In the following cases. Status:
- The passage of time since menstruation does not come.
- Numbness and severe pain in the legs and arms.
- shortness of breath.
- I have a terrible headache. pregnancy
- I have a problem with my eyesight.
- Having severe abdominal pain.
- Use of oral contraceptives while breastfeeding
As mentioned earlier, the use of birth control pills that contain estrogen reduces milk production.
It has been found that when used at this stage, it not only reduces the protein and nitrogen content of breast milk but also prevents the baby from getting the required amount. of weight.
The best type of oral contraceptive
Monophasic contraceptives with the lowest estrogen content are the best contraceptives because they cause less breast tenderness and swelling. pregnancy
This type is the best first choice for women, and estrogen-free pills are less effective.