The normal weight of the fetus in the eighth month
The normal weight of the fetus in the eighth month
Stages of pregnancy
Pregnancy lasts from 37 to 42 weeks and is divided into three phases; The first stage begins from the first week to the thirteenth week of pregnancy, and the second stage begins from the thirteenth week to the twenty-seventh week, and the last stage begins from the twentieth week. The eighth week begins and continues until birth. It happens a lot The changes in the mother and the baby at different stages of pregnancy require a lot of attention from the mothers to overcome some of the inconveniences caused by pregnancy.
Fetal weight in the eighth month of pregnancy
The eighth month of pregnancy begins in the thirty-first week of pregnancy and continues until the thirty-fifth week. The size and weight of the fetus will increase this month, and its weight may reach 2.7 kg by the end of the month. The number of the fetus's weeks changes in the eighth month as follows:
Fetal changes at week 31:
- The fetus weighs 1.6 kg and is about 42 cm long.
- The thickness of the subcutaneous fat increases.
- The fetus begins to expel water through the bladder.
- The fetus begins to use the brain's nerve connections and differentiates between the signals that reach it through the five senses.
- The fetus can turn its head.
- The fetus's sleep pattern becomes more regular.
At week 32, the fetus changes as follows:
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- The fetus weighs 1.8 kg and is about 43 cm long.
- Baby's real nails and hair begin to form.
- His bones had changed from cartilage to bone, and his skin had become transparent.
- The fetus begins to inhale the amniotic fluid as a kind of training the lungs to breathe.
- The fetus's intestines begin to absorb essential minerals, such as calcium and iron.
The changes that occur to the fetus at 33 weeks are as follows:
- The fetus weighs 2 kg and is about 44 cm long.
- The head of the fetus is turned down in the womb.
- The bones of the body become rigid, but the bones of the skull remain soft to allow the fetus to leave the birth canal.
- The skin of the fetus gradually becomes less wrinkled and red.
At week 34, the fetus changes as follows:
- The fetus weighs 2.3 kg and is 45 cm long.
- Memories are formed and the brain works efficiently.
- Children can sleep and dream.
- The fetus can breathe.
- The sense of hearing is complete.
- Increased accumulation of fat around the fetus's body, which helps regulate body temperature.
- Increasing the thickness of the fatty coating that protects the skin of the fetus.
The changes that occur to the fetus at 35 weeks are as follows:
- The fetus weighs 2.7 kg and is 47 cm long.
- The nervous and immune system is fully developed.
- Toes and hair are fully developed.
- The pupil of the eye responds to light.
- The testicles come out from the abdomen and are fixed in the scrotum.
- The fetus's lungs are healthy, and if it is born this week, its chance of survival increases to 99%.
- The kidneys are fully developed and the liver can process waste products.
A pregnant woman needs to see a specialist regularly, monthly during the first six months, once every two weeks for the seventh and eighth months, but weekly for the ninth month. During the visit, the doctor performs the following checks:
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- Measure the weight of the pregnant woman.
- Blood tests to determine the blood type and ensure that the pregnant woman does not have anemia or HIV.
- Monitor blood pressure.
- Monitoring the growth rate of the fetus and its condition in the womb.
- Problems that a pregnant woman may experience
- A pregnant woman may face the following problems:
- Nausea: It is known as morning sickness, but it can occur at any time of the day. To help relieve nausea, it is recommended to eat several small meals during the day, eat low-fat foods, eat citrus fruits, and then toast. Wake up in the morning to avoid stomach upset and bad odor.
- pain in certain areas of the body due to weight gain and uterine distension; Some women may experience pain in the abdomen, back, groin or pelvis, and the pain may extend from the back to the soles of the feet. Rest can relieve pain. Use heat compresses.
- Due to hormonal changes, the breasts can become larger and feel heavy, and during the past few months, thick milk called colostrum may begin to leak from the breast. Wear a bra that supports your breasts, and use a cotton pad to absorb any spilled milk to relieve discomfort.
- Constipation and hemorrhoids: A pregnant woman may suffer from constipation due to pregnancy hormones that relax the intestinal muscles and slow the digestion process, and constipation can lead to hemorrhoids. Constipation and hemorrhoids can be prevented by drinking 8-10 glasses of water a day, avoiding caffeine, eating foods rich in fiber, such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, and moderate physical activity.
- Dizziness is caused by the formation of blood vessels between the mother and fetus, pressure on the blood vessels from the swollen uterus, and an increased need for food. Dizziness can be prevented by not skipping meals, wearing loose-fitting clothes, standing slowly, not standing for long, and lying on your left side.
- Constant feeling of tiredness and sleep disturbance: This occurs due to the movement of the fetus, frequent urination at night, and increased metabolism. Tips to help you sleep comfortably, such as supporting your body with a pillow, sleeping on your left side, and taking a nap if a pregnant woman is having difficulty sleeping at night. former.
- Heartburn and indigestion: This is due to the effect of pregnancy hormones that slow down the muscles of the digestive system and cause the valve that separates the esophagus from the stomach to relax, allowing food and acid to return from the stomach to the stomach. esophagus, causing a feeling of heartburn. To prevent heartburn and indigestion problems, pregnant women are advised to eat slowly. Eat several small meals during the day instead of three large meals, avoid acidic and spicy foods, do not lie down immediately after meals, drink fluids between meals, and do not drink water with meals.
- Itchy stomach: caused by pregnancy hormones and skin tightening. This can be prevented by avoiding itchy clothing, using mild soap, and not taking a hot shower.
- Sudden muscle cramps in the legs or feet due to calcium deficiency. To help treat leg cramps, it is recommended to eat calcium-rich foods, straighten your feet forward during cramps, calmly stretch your muscles, and do moderate exercise.
- Swelling of the face, hands, or feet To reduce swelling, a pregnant woman should raise her feet frequently, rest, avoid salty foods and caffeine, and increase fluids.
- Frequent urination, loss of bladder control, leakage of urine when sneezing, coughing, or laughing.
- Varicose veins (varicose veins). Elevating your legs and feet while sitting can relieve pain.
The following are the most important tips that a pregnant woman should follow to ensure her health and the health of her fetus:
- Follow a healthy diet that includes low-fat dairy products, legumes, lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain bread.
- Take prenatal vitamins to reduce the risk of some birth defects.
- After consulting your doctor, do moderate exercise suitable for pregnant women.
- Abstaining from alcohol: Alcohol passes through the placenta to the fetus, which may lead to fetal alcohol syndrome, which in turn can cause psychological and behavioral problems for the baby, as well as affect the baby's brain development.
- Quit Smoking; Smoking can lead to miscarriage, premature birth, and low birth weight.
- Consult your doctor before taking medications, supplements, herbs, or vitamins.
- do not use hot tubs and saunas; Because it may affect the fetus and increase the risk of birth defects.
- Avoid toxoplasmosis, the pathogen that causes miscarriages and birth defects, cook meat and eggs before eating, and wash hands after touching raw meat. The disease can also be spread from infected cats.
- Keep your teeth and gums healthy and avoid premature labor.