The best way to avoid pregnancy without problems
How to avoid pregnancy
Contraception is a group of methods used to prevent a woman's pregnancy, which prevents sperm from reaching the egg, avoids pregnancy
preventing egg production, or prevents a fertilized egg from attaching to the uterine lining. It should be noted that the use of several methods of condoms can protect against some sexually transmitted diseases. avoid pregnancy
How to avoid pregnancy
There are many methods used to prevent pregnancy, but their effectiveness and characteristics vary. Contraceptive methods can be divided into two main parts, the explanations given below. avoid pregnancy
traditional contraceptive method
Many traditional methods can be used to avoid pregnancy, and they can be summarized as follows:
- Intermittent abstinence: There are several ways to prevent pregnancy by counting the fertile days of the menstrual cycle and avoiding intercourse per day or using condoms per day. avoid pregnancy
- Antidepressants and some antibiotics can cause imbalances on the day of ovulation, which can lead to changes in the date of delivery and pregnancy.
- Withdrawal or Quarantine: This method prevents pregnancy by allowing the man to ejaculate sperm from the vagina and preventing sperm from entering the egg avoid pregnancy.
- This method is considered one of the least effective contraceptive methods to avoid pregnancy.
The modern method of contraception
The most common modern methods of contraception and prevention include:
- Oral contraceptives: They are divided into two main types, one of which contains the hormones estrogen and progesterone to avoid pregnancy,
- and their role is to prevent the release of eggs from ovulation, and the use of this type of contraceptive,
- and it should be noted that the pills reduce the risks. From endometrial cancer to ovarian cancer avoid pregnancy,
- and endometrial cancer The second type of oral contraceptive contains only progesterone, which thickens cervical mucus and sperm and prevents the uterus from encountering eggs to avoid pregnancy.
- These pills also prevent ovulation injections every one to three months. those types.
- Contraceptive implant: This method places a small, flexible capsule under the skin of the upper arm and contains only progesterone.
- These capsules are implanted by professional healthcare providers and their effects vary from 3 to 5 years and work like pills. avoid pregnancy
- Progesterone-only contraceptives. Irregular vaginal bleeding frequently occurs in this way, but this bleeding has nothing to do with the risks to the woman's health.
- Vaginal ring and skin patch: In this method, a skin patch or vaginal ring containing the hormones estrogen and progesterone is attached and these hormones are continuously released to prevent ovulation. avoid pregnancy
- Intrauterine device: (intrauterine device) a small flexible plastic element, usually T-shaped, with two types of IUD, avoid pregnancy
- one of which contains a copper wire placed in the uterus, and copper damages the sperm and prevents it from facing the egg and the second type contains hormones levonorgestrel; Levonorgestrel,
- which is placed in the uterus and secretes a small amount of this hormone daily, thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from meeting an egg. an egg.
- Condoms: Condoms are sheaths or coverings that cover the male penis to create a barrier that prevents sperm from reaching the eggs to avoid pregnancy,
- and this method prevents the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Female condom: Better known as the female condom. It is a sheath or covering made of a thin to avoid pregnancy,
- transparent plastic membrane that fits the shape of a woman's vagina and forms a barrier that prevents sperm from entering the egg.
- This method can protect against the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases and avoid pregnancy.
Vasectomy: This method is used to prevent pregnancy permanently by blocking or cutting the vas deferens that transport sperm from the testicles, resulting in up to 3 sperm-free fluids to reach maximum effect, and may take up to a month. It should be noted that this is the time it takes for the stored semen to deplete, and this method does not affect the sexual ability of the man.
Tubal ligation: This method is used to prevent pregnancy permanently by blocking or cutting the fallopian tubes. This prevents the egg from entering the uterus and encountering the sperm.
Emergency contraception: A type of contraceptive that can be taken after intercourse to prevent pregnancy for up to 5 days of unprotected intercourse by delaying ovulation. These medicines do not affect existing pregnancies.
Spermicide is a chemical in the form of a cream, gel, or foam that is used to kill sperm.