Causes of colic during pregnancy

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 Causes of colic during pregnancy




General causes of colic in pregnancy


Many women may experience abdominal cramps during pregnancy, which can occur in any month of pregnancy. Here we explain the common causes of colic in pregnant women:



Stomach upset


Many pregnant women experience gas and bloating during pregnancy, which is a common pregnancy problem. It is caused by high levels of the hormone progesterone during pregnancy, which in turn causes the smooth muscles in the digestive tract to relax, which slows down the digestion process, and thus in addition to constipation, it can also cause bloating, both of which can lead to abdominal pain and cramping sensations, as well. The feeling of pain is caused by delayed digestion, so the passing of gas may cause relief for a short period,  Know that several ways can help relieve gas and constipation, such as drinking plenty of water. Eat foods rich in fiber by gradually adding them to food, exercise, and use some laxatives as directed by your doctor. 

intercourse


Pregnant women can continue to have sex until delivery, but intercourse later in the pregnancy may cause some mild contractions. 


blood flow to the uterus


The body supplies a lot of blood to the uterus during pregnancy, which can cause a feeling of pressure in the uterine area, which can be accompanied by a cramping sensation. In most cases, it may be helpful to lie down, or a warm shower may help. Abdominal pain relief. 

uterine dilation


In most cases, abdominal pain occurs early in pregnancy; That is, during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, due to the swollen uterus, or the stretching of the ligaments that support the uterus due to flatulence; Pregnant women may experience tingling or dull pain, such as menstrual pain. If this is the case, this is no cause for concern. The pain is mild; Pregnant women may also have mild pain or period-like cramps in late pregnancy, as the pain goes away when you change body position or rest. Please contact your doctor to be sure. 

Urinary tract infection


A pregnant woman can get a urinary tract infection during pregnancy, which in some cases may be asymptomatic, but in most cases, it can cause pain or pressure in the pelvic area. Symptoms of a UTI include foul-smelling urine, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, bleeding, pain and burning when urinating, fever, or the need to urinate frequently. In most cases, urinary tract infections are treated with some type of antibiotics for a short period. especially untreated urinary tract infections. Many health problems. 

Causes of colic in pregnant women according to the months of pregnancy


The causes of colic in pregnant women vary according to the pregnancy, and here is an explanation for that:


First trimester contractions


A pregnant woman may experience abdominal cramps during the first trimester of pregnancy for several reasons, and here are some explanations for this:

Implantation of the fertilized egg: In most cases, most women do not experience specific symptoms indicative of implantation of a fertilized egg, but in some cases, symptoms such as implantation bleeding that include the appearance of a light spot of blood, and this also happen, at the time of implantation, you may suffer Some women experience mild contractions at implantation a few days after ovulation. 

Ectopic pregnancy: An ectopic pregnancy may cause cramps, especially in the lower abdomen, during the first trimester of pregnancy. These cramps begin with mild pain and progress to cramps that can get worse over time. It should be noted that ectopic pregnancy occurs in most cases because the egg implants in the fallopian tube, this condition is called a tubal pregnancy. In some cases, the egg may implant in the ovary, abdomen, or cervix, a condition called abdominal pregnancy (abdominal pregnancy) (in English: cervical pregnancy) 

Miscarriage: Mild or severe contractions with vaginal bleeding may indicate a miscarriage, but in some cases, the pregnancy can continue normally despite the contractions and bleeding, but if these contractions are severe, with or without heavy bleeding, you should see a doctor immediately.



2nd-trimester cramps


Pregnant women may experience abdominal cramps in the second trimester for several reasons. Here's how:


Round ligament pain In some cases, uterine stretching may be accompanied by stretching of the round ligaments; The two large ligaments that connect the uterus to the lower thigh. Women may experience this stretching in the form of pain in the lower abdomen that extends to the groin; The pain may be severe when changing position, or in some cases, the pain may be mild. Round ligament pain usually begins in the second trimester and goes away on its own over time, but if it is too bothersome, a doctor can give paracetamol. 

False labor: One cause of colic is false labor, known as Braxton Hicks contractions. They are false labor pains that a pregnant woman may experience before real labor pains or labor contractions that may be the body's way of preparing for labor, except that their occurrence is not a sign that labor has begun or even a sign that it will come. 


Third-trimester contractions


A pregnant woman may experience abdominal cramps in the third trimester for several reasons, and here are some explanations:

  • Contractions: Contractions occur as a result of contractions of the uterine muscles that cause severe pain in the abdomen and lower back, making it impossible for a pregnant woman to walk or talk during the contractions, and contractions last from 30 to 70 seconds, with 5 to 10 seconds. Intervals Over time, the contractions get stronger and narrower over time. Note that the sensation of pain resulting from these contractions is not relieved by movement or changes in body position. 
  • Premature labor: Premature labor occurs when regular contractions occur before 37 weeks of pregnancy. In some cases, these contractions may be associated with leakage of vaginal fluid, the appearance of blood, or reduced fetal movement. Occurs in the absence of these symptoms, it is worth and it should be noted that in the event of such contractions, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor. 

Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure, usually in the kidneys, as well as some signs of damage to other organs in the body. Her blood pressure was within the normal range,  and preeclampsia caused many symptoms, including: 

  • Feeling of pain or cramps in the upper abdomen.
  • Severe headaches cannot be relieved by pain relievers.
  • Severe swelling in the face and hands.
  • Sudden weight gain has nothing to do with eating.
  • Vision disturbances.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • shortness of breath.

Sudden placental abruption: The placenta can detach completely or partially from the lining of the uterus before delivery. In most cases, placental abruption occurs when during the last three months of pregnancy, especially the last few weeks before delivery, it should be noted that placental abruption is a serious complication of pregnancy, but it is not common. Signs and symptoms of placental abruption are as follows: 

  • Vaginal bleeding, there may be no bleeding.
  • Abdominal pain or cramps and back pain.
  • Feeling of pain when touching the uterus or the hardening of the uterus.
  • Uterine contractions occur, and these contractions are usually continuous.



Reasons to see a doctor


You should consult your doctor if you feel you are having problems conceiving and seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms: 

  • Abdominal pain with or without bleeding before the twelfth week of pregnancy.
  • Severe bleeding or cramping.
  • Contract more than four times an hour for two hours.
  • Having severe pain in the abdomen.
  • Some disturbances in vision.
  • Having a severe headache.
  • Severe swelling of the hands, legs, or face.
  • Pain when urinating, difficulty urinating, or blood in the urine.