What are the causes of shortness of breath in pregnant women and treatment methods?
Shortness of breath in pregnant women and its causes
Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy
Shortness of breath is a common symptom during pregnancy and has many causes. For example, the physical and hormonal changes associated with fetal development mainly affect the upper and lower respiratory tract during pregnancy and can lead to many changes that can cause shortness of breath, and some women notice this during pregnancy. Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy
In the early stages of pregnancy, as the pregnancy progresses into the second and third trimesters, others gradually realize these changes, but shortness, of breath in pregnant women, this is not usually a problem, Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy
but she should talk to her doctor to find out the cause disease outbreak. The following is an explanation of the causes of shortness of breath according to the duration of pregnancy. Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy
Shortness of breath in pregnant women at the beginning of pregnancy is not related to the size of the fetus but is primarily related to other causes, such as hormonal changes aimed at meeting all the requirements for the lifting and growth of the diaphragm muscles. And the following fruits:
- Diaphragm: During the first trimester of pregnancy, the diaphragm rises up to 4 cm from its normal position. what can affect the breathing process;
- It is noteworthy that the diaphragm is the muscular tissue that separates the heart and lungs from the abdomen and Causes shortness of breath in pregnancy.
- and that movements up and down during breathing help fill the lungs with air. The height varies in the breathing process. Some women may not feel the change in deep breathing, while others may find that they cannot breathe deeply Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy.
Hormonal changes: These hormonal changes help maintain or increase lung capacity as pregnancy progresses, affecting different respiratory processes in different women. This includes:
- The hormones estrogen and progesterone increase the body's ability to absorb oxygen and release carbon dioxide. As mentioned earlier, to meet the needs of the fetus.
- The hormone relaxin promotes the relaxation of the ligaments in the ribs of the chest. The shape of the breast changes and becomes wider and wider.
- Second Semester. Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy
When does the gestational sac appear in the uterus?
Shortness of breath can increase significantly later in pregnancy than before, for the following reasons:
- Increased growth of the uterus due to the growth of the fetus.
- increased pressure and pressure on the heart; With the large increase in blood volume in a pregnant woman, the heart exerts more effort and force to pump blood throughout the body and to the placenta. This can lead to feeling short of breath Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy.
- Chapter III
- The reason for shortness of breath in late pregnancy is mainly due to the large space occupied by the uterus in the abdomen of a pregnant woman.
- As the fetus continues to grow, the pressure on many parts of the body that can move increases, which in turn leads to shortness of breath, which leads to an increase in shallow and shallow breathing in the pregnant woman.
- It is caused by the lungs not being able to fully expand due to pressure from the uterus. Especially in the diaphragm, which occurs in the 31-34 weeks of pregnancy, shortness of breath decreases as the fetus moves and settles in the pelvis. Childbirth, the last few weeks of pregnancy. The pressure on the lungs and diaphragm is reduced Causes of shortness of breath in pregnancy.
Health problems associated with shortness of breath in pregnant women include:
Asthma: Pregnant women should consult a doctor for safe treatment. For example, asthma medications and sprays before pregnancy. Pregnancy can worsen asthma symptoms.
Perinatal cardiomyopathy: This is a type of heart failure that can occur during the third trimester of pregnancy or shortly after delivery. Palpitations, swollen ankles, and malaise have serious consequences for the mother's health and have been shown to require treatment, so it is worth consulting your doctor if they occur. Other symptoms or warning signs.
Pulmonary embolism: Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot blocks an artery in the lungs. This blood clot has a dangerous effect on breathing and can cause chest pain, coughing, and shortness of breath.
Reasons to see a doctor
Usually, shortness of breath is not caused by health problems during pregnancy, but in some cases,
shortness of breath may indicate a health problem in a pregnant woman, so if shortness of breath is accompanied by the following symptoms, consult your doctor:
- fast heartbeat
- the heat.
- persistent cough
- dizziness or chills;
- Blue lips, fingers, or toes.
- Asthma symptoms worsen.