Stages of pregnancy from egg to birth

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Women's ovulation stage

Ovulation occurs in a woman by the release of a mature egg from one of her ovaries. This happens approximately every month. The egg rushes towards the fallopian tube to reach the uterus. If the sperm meet in the fallopian tube, fertilization may occur after that, and pregnancy may occur (unless something goes wrong) Meanwhile, the layer of tissue surrounding the egg becomes thicker while the woman is waiting, and her uterine lining is being prepared in case the mature egg is fertilized If this does not happen, the lining of the uterus will shed and menstruation will occur




 Symptoms of pregnancy in the first month


How does ovulation occur?


The process of ovulation in a woman is controlled by many hormones produced by the endocrine glands. These hormones can be detailed as follows:


  • The hypothalamus is an important area within the brain that uses certain hormones to regulate its communication with the pituitary gland
  • The pituitary gland is located at the base of the skull and is connected to the hypothalamus by a thin duct. This gland produces many hormones through which it controls the work of many other endocrine glands, which explains why it is called the "master" gland, and for this reason, it has a great influence on many aspects of Our life The hormones produced by the pituitary gland are responsible for regulating the work and production of the ovaries
  • Ovaries: Two glands located in a woman’s pelvis that produce estrogen and progesterone during ovulation, there is a rise in estrogen production by the dominant follicle. Through tiny finger-like protrusions located at the end of the fallopian tubes where they will help transport the egg, the tube is inserted into the uterus and ovulation is complete
  • Pregnancy is more likely to occur if sexual intercourse takes place more than the egg survives for 12-24 hours The mature egg dissolves in the uterine lining within 12-24 hours and is later eliminated during menstruation Sperm live in the female reproductive system for up to 5 It is preferable to marry during the five days preceding ovulation or one day after its occurrence, provided that there is no specific factor preventing this from happening, and the chance of pregnancy is higher if marital intercourse occurred on the day of ovulation or during the three days preceding ovulation.




 When does the gender of the fetus appear?


Ovulation time


The time of ovulation varies according to the period that separates each menstrual cycle and the next time in general, the average period between two consecutive cycles starting from the first day of the menstrual cycle ranges between 28-32 days, ovulation usually occurs on the fourteenth day and occurs Typically 12 to 16 days before the next period This means that ovulation usually begins about 10 to 15 years before the first period Once ovulation begins, it usually continues until menopause (such as the absence of a period) Menstruation usually occurs between the ages of 50-51 years

To find out when you will ovulate, you can read about it in this article


How do you know if a woman ovulates?


Signs and symptoms

  • Signs of ovulation in the female body include 2. Increased blood flow to the pelvic area 7. Soreness around the vaginal opening and inside the vagina
  • The regularity of the menstrual cycle is an indicator of ovulation Ovulation occurs more often when the menstrual cycle lasts about 24-35 days
  • Some women experience general or localized pain on one side of the abdomen during ovulation
  • Changes in the density of vaginal secretions indicate that ovulation has occurred. After ovulation, the secretion becomes thicker and changes color.
  • Monitoring your basal body temperature during ovulation can help you know when you are ovulating

  1. Breast enlargement.
  2. Feeling breast pain when touched.
  3. Flatulence.
  4. Mood changes.
  5. Opening of the cervix and increasing its softness. 
  6. Increased sexual desire in women.
  7. Swelling of the vulva or vagina.
  8. When blood spots appear on the underwear, this is a sign of descent




 Pregnancy symptoms in the first week


home methods


There are many ways a woman can know when she will ovulate. Some of the methods include tracking changes in body temperature, using charts or calendars, and monitoring menstrual patterns.


  • It is possible to know the time of ovulation by tracking your menstrual cycle for several months. This will help you determine the date of ovulation. However, this method may not be suitable if your period is irregular.
  • Using ovulation test strips or an ovulation kit can help you detect when ovulation is approaching by measuring the level of LH in your urine. These tests can show when you are most likely to ovulate. You can buy these tests without a prescription from drugstores or online. Take the test by urinating on one end of the test strip or by urinating into a container and dipping the test strip in it. It is recommended to take the test two days before the expected date of ovulation
  • A saliva test is a test that measures estrogen levels in saliva when ovulation approaches. A positive microscopic pattern resembles fern leaves or frost buildup on window glass. This test is expensive. The anovulation test strip is less accurate than a home pregnancy test and can be repeated more than once.
  • Sweat testing relies on the use of devices to detect many types of salts in a woman's sweat. In this context, it is indicated that the levels of these salts change in a woman's sweat during different times of the month, as they increase significantly before hormonal levels increase. Estrogen and luteinizing hormone help predict when Ovulation occurs This information can be used up to four days before the actual event



Medical examinations

  • Several medical tests can help you determine when ovulation will occur. These include things like basal body temperature, cervical fluid, and vaginal secretions.
  • Blood tests are used to measure the level of the hormone progesterone. This can help determine when your next period and ovulation will occur
  • A pregnancy ultrasound is the only way to make sure you're pregnant. Other methods, such as ovulation prediction kits, only indicate that you might be pregnant.






Ovulation problems in women


Ovulation problems can be caused by a malfunction of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland, or by a malfunction of the ovaries and other glands. Other hormones and causes related to ovulation problems in women can include:


  • Hypothalamic dysfunction can cause a lack of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone, which can lead to problems with ovulation Gonadotropins can affect a woman's ovulation process
  • A defect in the pituitary gland can cause problems with ovulation in women. This problem may arise from a lack of luteinizing hormone or follicle-stimulating hormone, or it may be caused by the production of a large amount of prolactin. Prolactin is a hormone that stimulates the production of milk from the breast in cases of hyperprolactinemia, this leads So, in this context, hyperprolactinemia is said to occur as a result of the development of a benign tumor in the pituitary gland known as a prolactinoma is a benign tumor of the pituitary gland
  • Ovarian dysfunction can occur when the ovaries secrete a small amount of estrogen
  • Problems with other glands can cause disturbances in the process of ovulation For example, problems with the adrenal gland can lead to an excess of male hormones, while a problem with the thyroid gland can lead to overactivity A deficiency of this vitamin can cause a problem with hormone production
  • Other causes of ovulation problems include 1. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) This condition is characterized by irregular periods, increased hair growth, and difficulty getting pregnant 2. Endometriosis This is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside it that can cause pain during menstruation and infertility 3. Diabetes Diabetes affects both blood sugar levels and insulin production, which can lead to problems with ovulation
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that usually affects women and leads to weight gain and excessive production of male hormones
  • Diabetes.
  • Obesity or cases of weight loss.
  • Excessive exercise.
  • Taking certain types of medications, such as those containing estrogen and progestin or antidepressants, can increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • psychological stress.
  • Early menopause.
  • A diet that is too heavy in one area can lead to problems in other areas. Skipping meals or fasting can also be unhealthy.




Tips to stimulate ovulation in women


  1. There are different ways to stimulate ovulation in women
  2. Stay within the normal weight limits for your height
  3. It is important to consult a doctor before starting an exercise program because excessive exercise can be harmful
  4. It is important to have a balanced diet and eat meals regularly. If you suffer from an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia, you should consult a dietitian.
  1. To avoid experiencing chronic emotional stress, it is important to learn relaxation techniques and stress management skills. You can also manage stress using appropriate methods